How skateboarding helps kids have a growth mindset
I introduced my niece to skateboarding when she was two. We gifted her a cruiser skateboard for her 2nd birthday. At first, she just pushed the cruiser board around and would skate around on her bum. Then I let her sit at the end of my longboard, wearing a bike helmet while I skated around the driveway. She loved it. By the time she was six, she wanted to skate on her own cruiser board.
Skateboarding for a Growth MindsetSkateboarding teaches two critical life lessons: with practice, she could get better at anything, and falling down is an unavoidable part of the process. These "get better" lessons are cornerstones of a "growth mindset;" that is, a mindset that leads one to persist despite lack of obvious talent and despite inevitable setbacks.
In a growth mindset students understand that their talents and abilities can be developed through effort, good teaching and persistence. They don't necessarily think everyone is the same or anyone can be Einstein, but they believe everyone can get smarter if they work at it. - Carol Dweck, author of Mindset, Stanford University
People have talents and strengths, but that's not the end of the story. In a fixed mindset, your qualities are carved in stone. You will never have capabilities beyond the ones you have today. In a growth mindset, your basic qualities are things you can cultivate through your efforts and everyone can change and grow through application and experience.
I believe that skateboarding is uniquely capable of helping kids develop a growth mindset. Here's why.
1. Skateboarding accepts that everyone has their own learning pace
Your basic qualities are things you can cultivate through your efforts: everyone can change and grow through application and experience. - HBR, Do You Have a Growth Mindset?While our niece mastered skating ramps faster than some of the other kids in her class, those kids were faster to master moves like ollying and jumping. Seeing other kids slowly master tricks that had previously been impossible for them had a powerful positive influence on my niece. She still can't ollie, but she can ride the bowl.
2. Good effort deserves praise as much or more than outcomeIn a Stanford newsletter, Dweck writes:
"One very common thing is that often very brilliant children stop working because they're praised so often that it's what they want to live as brilliant not as someone who ever makes mistakes. It really stunts their motivation."That completely describes my niece. She often masters new tasks faster than her peers, for which she gets ample praise. But when the task gets harder and she starts to make mistakes, her motivation flags. Skate culture is super positive and focused on the process of learning. Skaters instinctively encourage each other every step of the way. Landing tricks gains praise, but so does crashing. The only thing that doesn't gain praise is hanging back. (Though kids that hang back are also encouraged to join in.) Don't get me wrong - friendly competition and one-upmanship is part of skate culture. But in my experience - and from what I've observed at dozens of skateparks - even the competition maintains a friendly, positive element. In the New York Times, Dweck says:
Society is obsessed with the idea of talent and genius and people who are naturals with innate ability. People who believe in the power of talent tend not to fulfill their potential because theyre so concerned with looking smart and not making mistakes. But people who believe that talent can be developed are the ones who really push, stretch, confront their own mistakes and learn from them.To me, that perfectly describes skate culture.
3. You actually do get better with practice - and failing is part of it
"With a growth mindset, you focus on learning and development rather than failure and actively pursue the types of challenges that will likely lead to both learning and failure."Learning to notice one's progress is an important element of a growth mindset. Skating is one of the first activities where our niece was aware of her progress. My wife and i are two ex high school teaches and from our experiences its so important to give positive feedback for effort and growth not just for success. Now when we talk about moving forward through setbacks, we can refer to how she learned how to skateboard despite wiping out many times.
Two other non-growth mindset values from skating...
Skate like a Girl
Skating reassured my niece that girls are as cool and capable as boys.Before she started to skate, she was very bothered that men and women play in different professional sports leagues. To her, this could only mean that men were better than women at sports. While her mother and I tried to explain that men and women have different bodies and, therefore, play in different ways, she wasn't convinced. Skating, however, showed her that not only could girls keep up with boys, they could also completely match them.
A sense of shared culture
Today, skateboarding is considered cool, and it's fully part of Australian culture. Skating provides an increasingly rare sense of belonging for kids.